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Ten Things to Remember When Your Child is a Toddler

by Maxine
Posted July 30 2010 07:00pm
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1. Now is the time to start setting limits that go beyond safety.

Decide on a few rules that really matter. For instance, “be gentle” and “no hurting others” are good rules for a toddler. Try not to have too many limits or rules about little things that are not important. If you do, everyone will end up getting angry. Let your child know what the rules are and stick to them. Be firm and be consistent. Remind her of the limits before going out or doing something new. And make sure your child’s caregivers know the rules, too.

2. Toddlers respond better to limits when they feel loved. Try talking to your toddler in a positive way.

Say, “Please close the door quietly,” instead of “Don’t slam the door.” Pay attention to his good behaviour and tell him that you are proud of him. This can build your child’s self-esteem and he won’t want to battle with you all the time.

3. It takes time for toddlers to learn to make friends and get along with others.

Their social skills will improve as they learn to talk and control their movements more. Playing with your child will help her get ready to be with others. Talk with her in a happy, playful way. You can even act out ways of dealing with new situations that your toddler will face.

4. When you need to leave your toddler with a new caregiver, start by introducing them for short periods of time when you are there, too.

Try to let your child get used to the caregiver before you leave them full-time. For the first few days, stay with your child and the caregiver for a little while. This will help your child adjust and help you learn more about daycare. Stay for a little less time each day. This will make the first couple of weeks easier for you and your child.

5. Bring your toddler’s favourite toy and a snack when you go out.

Talk about where you’re going and what you’ll be doing. Tell him how you expect him to behave (“Stay with Mommy”). Also be careful about the time of day you go – children need their snacks and naps. If you think the outing will be too much for your child, leave him at home or with a caregiver, if you can.

6. Toddlers need routines.

They learn to expect what will happen next. This gives them a feeling of control. Bedtime routines are important and can make life happier for everyone. Set a regular bedtime hour. Make a routine that includes calming things like a bath or reading a book. To help your child learn the routine, tell her ahead of time what the next step will be.

7. Toddlers will get into mischief.

Faster than you can imagine! They are busy exploring the world around them. It is not difficult for them to break things or hurt themselves. Make sure your toddler has safe surroundings and is never alone for long.

8. All toddlers break the rules at times.

How you respond depends on the situation and your child’s age. Think about how your child is feeling. When he misbehaves, it’s often because he is upset. He isn’t trying to make you mad – he just doesn’t know how to tell you what’s bothering him. Try to figure it out. Was he bored without you? Was he excitedly trying new things? Understanding your child’s feelings may help you guide him better.

9. Your toddler needs to know that you will be there when she needs you.

A secure child will more eagerly explore the world around her. If you notice that your child is having difficulty, stop what you’re doing and go to help her. If she is finding it hard to be part of the group, try giving her a toy related to the group’s play to help her join in.

10. Being a parent can be tough.

Parents need to give each other support. Some parents form groups to talk and help each other out. Ask your local health unit, library or community centre to help you find one of these groups. It's important you know you're not alone. Research confirms that all parents both need and want help!

Also See:

 

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Thrush

by Maxine
Posted August 18 2010 01:12pm
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Thrush is another common childhood illness, it’s a yeast infection in a baby’s mouth, creating white patches that stick to the tongue and inner cheeks.

The same fungus that causes vaginal yeast infections also causes thrush. It’s possible for moms to pass this fungus to their babies during delivery. Babies can then develop thrush, usually within the first several weeks after birth.

Thrush is common in babies and toddlers because their immune systems are not fully developed. It can also occur in others whose immune systems have been weakened. This is often due to illness, medication or antibiotics. Antibiotics can disturb the natural balance of the body’s bacteria.

Babies can pass thrush on to mom during breastfeeding.

The symptoms of thrush are: 

  • White patches on your baby’s tongue and inner cheeks that cannot be wiped away. These patches may bleed if you try to wipe them. Thrush can spread to the roof of the mouth, the gums and the throat.
  • Baby may have difficulty latching or refuse to eat due to discomfort
  • Baby may have a diaper rash
  • Mom will have burning nipple pain during breastfeeding, If thrush has been passed on from baby’s mouth

If you think your baby has thrush, contact his doctor or health care provider. If you are breastfeeding, and you think you and/or your baby have thrush, contact your doctor or the breastfeeding clinic.

The goal of treatment is to stop the rapid spread of the fungus.

This is what you can do to treat thrush in infants and breastfeeding moms:

  • Both mom and baby need to be treated by medication prescribed by your doctor. Otherwise, you will continue to pass it back and forth.
  • Items such as pacifiers and breast pumps need to be sterilized often.
  • Change breast pads often.
  • Wash your hands for 15 seconds, especially after using the toilet or handling sanitary pads and before feeding your baby or handling food, pacifiers, breast pump equipment, etc.

This is what you can do to treat children 1 year old and over:

  • Mild thrush may require no treatment.
  • If thrush occurs after taking antibiotics, your child’s doctor may suggest adding unsweetened yogurt to his diet. This will help restore his body’s natural bacterial balance. Do not give babies under 1 year of age milk products, including yogurt.
  • If the thrush persists, your health care provider may need to prescribe your child an antifungal medication.

You can prevent thrush in the following ways:

  • Treat any vaginal yeast infection that mom has during her pregnancy to prevent the fungus from being passed onto her baby.
  • Wash your hands for 15 seconds, especially after using the toilet or handling sanitary pads and before feeding your baby or handling food, pacifiers, breast pump equipment etc. 

 

Did your baby develop thrush? How did you cope? Leave a comment below and share your story with parents just like you!

 

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Tummy Time!

by Maxine
Posted August 18 2010 04:25pm
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When babies are awake, it’s important for them to have some ”tummy time” every day. This helps prevent babies from developing a flat spot on the back of their heads.  It also gives them the chance to develop muscle strength and it encourages them to practice movements that are part of normal physical progress. Daily tummy time prepares babies for important milestones, such as pushing themselves up, crawling and walking.

Before you begin tummy time, wait until your baby’s cord has come off—about a week to 10 days. Be prepared to have tummy time right along with your baby. She may need to be coaxed at first because lifting her head is hard to do. However, she will love your company. Have fun!

Here's more on Flat Head. 

Do you have any fun pictures of your baby enjoying tummy time with you or on his own? Share them with us!

 

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Attachment

by Maxine
Posted August 19 2010 09:37pm
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Babies are born with the need to form close relationships with caring and responsive adults, which are called "attachments." If children don't have the opportunity to develop close, uninterrupted attachments with nurturing adults during the early years, young children will find it more difficult to learn, to become confident and to trust others.


Infants and young children can form consistent attachments with the people who are around them most.
These few important relationships create a sense in your child of what kind of world this is and what her place is in it.

A secure attachment to caring adults helps your child learn to adapt to circumstances more easily, and to overcome difficult situations throughout his life. This kind of attachment helps your child to believe the world is a friendly and safe place. Having a parent or caregiver who understands and responds sensitively to a baby's signals, such as picking baby up and comforting him when crying, helps the baby form a secure, healthy attachment.

Relax, and don't worry about making mistakes.  All parents learn by trial and error. As long as your baby knows she can count on you most of the time, she'll be amazingly flexible and forgiving.
 

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