Fatigue or Difficulty Sleeping in Pregnancy

by Guest
Posted July 7 2010 12:11pm
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Fatigue or difficulty sleeping during pregnancy is quite common for a number of reasons. Early on, your body is experiencing numerous system changes. These changes require a great deal of energy and can therefore affect normal sleeping patterns. As pregnancy continues, the growth and development of the baby puts more demands on you, thus causing fatigue.

By the end of pregnancy, there can be many things that keep you from getting a restful night's sleep. The physical size of your belly, heartburn, pressure on the bladder, which makes you have to pee, as well as the baby moving around are a few common reasons.

Fatigue is a sign that the body needs more rest. So how can you solve this problem? Know what can and can't be done in a day and take time out to rest. Eating smaller meals several times a day and trying a few relaxation activities (like a relaxation exercise or a warm bath) may also help you sleep better.

Find our more about Sleep and Pregnancy.  


If you're pregnant or thinking about having a baby, check out www.welcometoparenting.com. These interactive, online prenatal and parenting classes will provide information on pregnancy, labour and delivery, your relationship and a community of expectant and new parents just like you! Watch the overview video!



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Baby Equipment List

by Guest
Posted August 4 2010 02:40pm

Choosing baby equipment is an important but dizzying task. Today’s parents typically buy and receive a lot of new furniture and equipment when they have a baby, and it is important to be aware of safety standards, regulations, the possibility of product recalls, and the warnings of safety hazards.

This list will help you with choosing furniture and equipment for your baby. In the following sections you will find each of the products listed below briefly described, followed by the product’s purpose, use, and possible hazards. Each introduction will be followed by the do’s and don’ts of choosing that product, and the do’s and don’ts of using that product safely. The equipment described appears on its own page for ease in printing and taking with you when shopping for your baby equipment:

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by Guest
Posted August 4 2010 02:55pm


Cribs made prior to September 1986 are no longer considered safe for your child.
Children died in these older cribs when the part supporting the mattress fell down and they became trapped or their heads became caught between the bars. Other children died when their These cribs can still be found at garage sales and flea markets, or in cottages or relatives’ homes. In Canada it is illegal to sell, or import or these cribs.
Safe cribs have labels that identify the manufacturer and the date of manufacture. Cribs with visible signs of damage, missing parts or instructions, should be avoided or discarded. New cribs sold in chain stores, baby stores and reputable furniture stores must meet current safety regulations. 

The Canadian Paediatric Society recommends that the safest place for a baby to sleep is on their back in a crib that meets current Canadian safety standards in their parents room.  Health Canada has just issued new safety standards for cribs.
Choosing a safe crib:

  • Choose a crib with a manufacturer’s label listing when, where, and by whom it was made and the make and model number.
  • Check the frame to make sure it is solid.
  • Mattresses should have a firm surface and fit snugly. Only use a mattress that is long and wide enough so that the gap between the mattress and the two sides forming one corner of the crib is not more than 3 cm (1.18 in) when the mattress is pushed into the opposite corner of crib. The mattress should be no thicker than 15 cm (6 in).
  • Make sure the mattress support is attached permanently to the frame, without S- or Z-shaped hooks.
  • Make sure the mattress is firm and no more than 15 cm (or 6 inches) thick.
  • Corner posts should be less than 3 mm (1/8 in) to prevent catching a child’s clothing. 
  • Check that the space between the bars is not wider than 6 cm (or 2 3/8 inches).
  • Don’t choose a crib that has loose, missing or broken parts. 

Crib safety:

  • Place the crib away from windows, curtains, blind or extension cords, electrical plugs or lamps. Children can fall out windows or become caught in cords.
  • Lock the sides into place after putting your baby in the crib every time you use the crib. 
  • Don’t place soft objects like bumper pads, comforters, soft mattresses, pillows and stuffed toys in the crib. These items can suffocate your baby.
  • Lower the mattress to its lowest level if baby can sit up or stand.
  • Check periodically for loose screws cracked plastic or wobbly parts on the crib.
  • Remove your child permanently from the crib when 90 cm tall (about 35 inches). At about this height, he will be able to climb out of the crib. 
  • Remove toys or mobiles strung above the crib as soon as your baby can push up on his hands or knees. 
  • Don’t tie your baby in or harness your baby to the crib.



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The APGAR Test

by Guest
Posted August 25 2010 10:27am

The APGAR test is an early assessment of the state of your baby’s health and ability to adapt to life outside the womb. The APGAR is based on these five signs:

1.    Appearance (colour)
2.    Heart rate
3.    Breathing
4.    Muscle tone (activity)
5.    Reflex irritability (response to stimulation)


Each of these signs will be assigned a score of 0, 1 or 2. The maximum possible score is 10 (or 2 points for each of the five signs). The score indicates your newborn’s adjustment to the world, and whether there is a need for the medical team to intervene to help your baby along.

Score    Outcome
7-10      No difficulty in your newborn’s adjustment
4-6        Moderate difficulty
0-3        Severe distress


The APGAR test is given at 1 minute after birth, and again at 5 minutes after birth. Because the test must be performed immediately following birth, it’s often performed while the baby is resting on Mom’s chest. That way, there is no interruption while Mom and baby bond.

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