Intellectual Development: Your Pre-schooler at 4 to 5 Years

Intellectual Development means being able to think creatively and abstractly, to pay attention, solve problems and develop keen judgement along with a lifelong readiness to learn.

Typical Skills - Language

  • Plays with words in silly rhymes
  • Loves to recite and chant jingles and rhymes
  • Talks about imaginary situations
  • Uses new and unfamiliar words
  • Tells long stories about own past experiences
  • Uses an average vocabulary of 1500 words

Typical Skills - Thinking Skills

  • Understands how to sort and classify objects by characteristics
  • Enjoys games that require matching items
  • Recognizes and identifies bigger, biggest, smaller and smallest
  • Identifies and names different colours
  • Replicates patterns, sequences and order
  • Understands the order of numbers

Emerging Skills - Language

  • Asks “how”, “why” questions and listens closely to explanations
  • Uses ‘yesterday’ and ‘tomorrow’ correctly, incorporating past, present and future tenses of verbs
  • Says most speech sounds accurately but may have difficulty with some sounds e.g. “th” and “s”
  • Shows interest in written words and letters, e.g., reads own name and some words

Emerging Skills - Thinking Skills

  • Understands concepts of texture, weight, position and space
  • Understands number concepts up to 10
  • Understands different forms of measurement for weight, height and length
  • Plans and builds with simple tools

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